December 2016

Probiotics have been shown to have preventive and therapeutic effects on diarrhea. Because effects tend to be strain specific, benefit of a strain or mixture has to be substantiated by experimental evidence. The aim of this study was to investigate the antidiarrheal and antinociceptive effects of a probiotic mixture (Lactibiane Imedia®, PiLeJe). Castor oil-induced diarrhea test was performed in Wistar rats following oral administration of probiotics (20 × 109, 30 × 109 or 40 × 109 CFU/kg), loperamide (5 mg/kg)

Juglans regia L. (walnut) is a plant traditionally used for the treatment of diarrhea. We investigated the antidiarrheal effects of a hydroethanolic leaf extract (HLE) of J. regia against castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats after screening phenolic compounds in the extract. J. regia HLE (0.5, 1, and 2 g/kg by gavage) produced a dose-dependent delay in the onset of diarrhea compared to the vehicle. It also significantly reduced the number of diarrheal feces, fresh weight and water content of the